Great Expectations Chapters 34 & 35 notes

  1. The Finches of the Grove are a group of young men who have formed a club. They spend extravagant amounts of money on frivolous things. Pip associates with them because he aspires to be like them.

  2. Pip’s spending habits are getting out of control. He spends even when he doesn’t have the money to do so. They get a lot of items ‘on tick’ meaning that they are running up debts with tradesmen. This is not a helpful practice as the spender may not be able to pay the debt and will end up in debtors prison and the tradesman ends up out of pocket.

  3. Mrs Joe’s death is significant because she represented a time when his life plan was clear and had set rules – he would become a blacksmith and work hard. Pip actually feels a fondness for his dead sister even though she was horrible to him because she is linked with a simpler time in his life. Her death fails to bring Pip and Joe closer because Pip can still not acknowledge that his behaviour is self-entitled and weird.

  4. Pip’s claim that Biddy has done him an ‘injustice’ and an ‘injury’ is ironic because Pip has stayed away from Joe and Biddy and not helped them out in any way. He is actually being quite cruel to Biddy and doesn’t even thank her for caring for Mrs Joe.

Great Expectations Chapter 32 & 33 notes

  1. Pip meets Estella’s coach so early because he is anxious about meeting Estella. It shows how nervous and fixated he is on Estella.

  2. Wemmick’s ‘greenhouse’ is the prison Newgate. It is an odd but fitting metaphor as Wemmick moves among the prisoners and speaks to them much like a gardener would pay attention to his plants.

  3. The beautiful and refined image of Estella is juxtaposed with the griminess of Newgate Prison.

  4. Pip seems attracted to Estella because she represents everything he is not. She is at the height of society and seems so refined and
    polished. These are things he wished he was confident in being.

  5. Even though Estella treats Pip badly, Pip has hope because Miss Havisham has planned for Pip to visit Estella often. This suggests to Pip that there is a plan for him and Estella.

Great Expectations Chapter 30 & 31 notes

  1. To get even with Orlick, Pip informs Jaggers about his untrustworthy nature and gets Orlick sacked from his post as guardsman at Satis House.

  2. Trabb’s boy mocking Pip is actually extremely funny because it is so disrespectful. Pip admits that he ignores the tradespeople in the street. This is what Trabbis mocking, Pip’s pretensions of grandeur where he refuses to acknowledges that this is where he comes from. Trabb’s boy takes the joke a little too far but Pip cannot recognise his actual behaviour in Trabb’s boy’s actions.

  3. Pip relieves his guilt about not visiting Joe by having a cod and barrel of oysters sent to the forge.

  4. Pip confesses that he loves Estella when he returns to Herbert in London. Herbert advises that Pip wait and see what happens as he too believes that Miss Havisham is Pip’s benefactor and has a plan for Pip and Estella. Herbert’s advice would have been better if it told him to move on from Estella.

  5. Pip and Herbert visit the theatre because Wopsle is performing in his play that night.

  6. Wopsle’s performance in Hamlet is so bad it actually becomes incredibly funny to watch. Here Wopsle has tried to turn himself into a new person for the stage and has failed miserably. Everyone else can see it but him. (Remind you of anyone?)

  7. Miss Havisham wants Pip to love Estella so she can add Pip’s heart to the tally of hearts she will make Estella break.

Great Expectations Chapter 29 notes

  1. Pip imagines that he is to be betrothed to Estella and become Lord of the manor.

  2. Estella has changed in that she has become a beautiful young woman. She is much more flirtatious than when she was younger, but it is a controlled flirting. She knows what she is doing.

  3. Miss Havisham torments Pip with questions about Estella not because she wishes to harm Pip but because she wishes to confirm how well Estella works as a tool to ‘hurt’ men.

  4. Pip decides not to visit Joe even though he is in his home town because Estella talked about how he shouldn’t associate with his old life anymore.

  5. Estella is pretty believable when she talks about having ‘no heart, no softness, no sentiment’. She appears to be everything Miss Havisham wanted her to be, she behaves almost like a puppet.

Great Expectations Chapter 27 & 28 notes

  1. Joe calls Pip sir in recognition of his ‘gentleman’ status. It also suggests the disconnect between Joe and Pip that now exists because Pip has become a snob.

  2. Pip’s snobbish nature is horrible. He has become disdainful towards people who he now deems beneath him. He sucks up to most people who are above him. He has a strange attitude that has developed from his fear of ‘being found out’ as his money is new money and he is not an established gentleman nor has he been brought up as one.

  3. Biddy finds the phrase ‘what larks’ confusing as she has never heard the expression before. The phrase is one special to Joe and Pip, and it was used between them to refer to them having a good time.

  4. Joe has come to London to see Wopsle and to tell Pip that Miss Havisham wishes to see him as Estella has returned home.

  5. Pip is embarrassed for Joe to see how he has spent his wealth. He acknowledges that he has bought a lot of frivolous, unnecessary things. He is
    also embarrassed about the boy he employs as a house servant for their small set of rooms.

  6. Joe tells Pip that Wopsle has left the church to become an actor. It is debateable whether he will be any good as his speech is broken all the time with him saying ‘Amen’.

  7. The metaphor ‘life is made of ever so many partings welded together’ is in reference to the fact that life is shaped by the relationships we have
    with the people we meet. The idea of different smiths – black, white, gold, – refers to the different ways relationships are formed. Joe acknowledges that not all relationships last forever, and that we have to accept this.

  8. Pip is unable to recognise Joe’s intelligence at this point because he doesn’t see the common sense in Joe’s words. He only wants to recognise ‘book smartness’ at this point.

  9. Mr Pumblechook is often seen as comical. However, he does have a darker side to him. For example he always tries to take the glory when something works out well. He is also very interested in making money and networking to better himself, even if it means letting others down or abusing others.

  10. When Pip says ‘all other swindlers on earth are nothing to the self-swindlers’ he is really saying that those who cheat or lie to themselves are the worst because they can’t see what they are doing to themselves. Pip is referring to himself here because he cannot see that he is lying ot himself about Estella’s love for him, or Miss Havisham’s involvement in his money. He is also lying to himself about his connection and love for Joe and his enjoyment of London.

  11. On Pip’s way back to Kent he is put in a coach with two convicts. One of the convicts turns out to be the one who gave Joe the money in the pub all those years ago. Pip overhears him tell the other convict that Pip’s convict from the start of the book gave him the money in Australia to give to Pip.

Great Expectations Chapter 25 & 26 notes

  1. Pip becomes close friends with Herbert, and they share a house and a boat together.

  2. Pip goes to visit Wemmick for dinner. Wemmick treats the butcher with politeness as he collects meat for dinner. As Pip and WEmmick walk home, Wemmick’s mood lightens and he becomes less stiff and professional and more friendly.

  3. Walworth reflects WEmmick’s personanlity because from the front it is closed off and defensive with its maze and its gun. However, once you get inside the property you realise how cosy and homely and friendly it is – just like WEmmick.

  4. Jagger’s home makes clear that he is a workaholic. The house is a good one in Soho, but it is need of a paintjob. Inside is similar, in that the finish is of a high quality, but it has not been kept up. The house is large but Jaggers only uses three rooms and Pip reports that he brings work home with him. All the books are law/criminality books.

  5. Jaggers’ housekeeper, Molly, is a quiet but strong woman. She seems wary of Jaggers, as if waiting for his disapproval. She has deep scars cutting across her wrists, and Jaggers tells the boys that she has stronger wrists than any other woman or man.

  6. Jaggers refers to Drummle as ‘the spider’. It makes us think that he is someone to be aware of as he might try and trick people.

Great Expectations Chapter 23 & 24 notes

  1. The narrator says that the servants have the real power in the Pocket’s house as the two adult Pockets are so inept at structuring anything. In the relationship, Mr Pocket probably has more sway as he has been brought up to think for himself whereas Mrs Pocket has always been cosseted.

  2. Mrs Coiler is the Pocket’s neighbour. She is elderly and asks questions all the time. She is very similar to Miss Havisham in her vulnerability and questioning.

  3. The dinner scene at the Pockets house is funny because everyone seems to be there, including the Pocket children. However, the Pocket children seem to be the sensible ones, with one of the daughters taking the baby from Mrs Pocket as she is holding it upside-down.

  4. Mr Pocket is to give Pip lessons in how to be a gentleman – manners and knowledge he should have.

  5. Drummle and Startop are two other young men who are being ‘taught’ by Mr Pocket. Drummle is big and bullyish and the rumbling thunderous-ness of his name matches this. Startop is much brighter in his personality, and he suits the lightness of his name.

  6. Wemiick talks about ‘portable property’. He is referring to his gold and silver jewellery. He can carry it with him, and sell it when he needs to in order to get ready money.

  7. Wemmick respects Jaggers because he is very clever. He describes him as being deep and says he often looks like he has ‘set a trap from a man and is waiting’

Great Expectations Chapter 22 notes

  1. Herbert and Pip get on very well. Herbert is very generous and welcoming towards Pip.

  2. Herbert wants to give Pip a nickname to show their affection for one another. He dislikes Philip (Pip’s real name) as it sounds stuffy. He settles on Handel because the composer wrote a piece titled after blacksmiths (Pip’s trade).

  3. Herbert works in the Counting House (a Victorian stocks and shares job). Ultimately he would like to insure merchant ships.

  4. Pip isn’t bothered when Herbert corrects his manners as he wants to be a gentleman.

  5. Miss Havisham turned Mathew Pocket out her house because he was the only one warning her against her fiancé Compeyson. It turned out that Compeyson was working with Miss Havisham’s younger half-brother to steal her fortune or ruin her. Mathew tried to tell her this but she wouldn’t listen. Instead, on the morning of her wedding Compeyson never turned up, having sent a letter saying he wouldn’t be coming.

  6. The Pocket household is warm and loving if chaotic. Mrs Pocket is a caring mother but she does little n terms of disciplining her children or seeing to their hurts.

Great Expectations Chapter 20 & 21 notes

  1. Jaggers thinks Pip will not make anything of his fortune because he does not know how to manage it properly. Jaggers believes Pip will blow all the money.

  2. Jaggers is very much focused on the money. He won’t work unless he has that. He will then present the truth in a way that suits his clients outcomes.

  3. Jaggers’ office reveals that he is a well-to-do man from his work. He likes to intimidate his clients so that they know he holds the power in the work relationship.

  4. Wemmick is compared to wood to begin with. He presents a tough exterior, and seems very professional. However, he starts to warm up a little as we see him interact with Pip.

  5. Barnard’s Inn, which becomes Pip’s lodging house, is not the nicest of places. It suffices as a home, but from the outside it is unclean and noisy.

  6. Pip’s room-mate turns out to be the ‘pale young gentleman’ he fought at Satis House years ago. This was a surprise as the reader had forgotten about the boy. Pip and Herbert seem to get along. Herbert says Miss Havisham called him to Satis House to interview him, Herbert believed this interview was to potentially give him money so he could be engaged to Estella (who he doesn’t like). This is what strengthens Pip’s belief that Miss Havisham is his benefactor.

Great Expectations Chapter 19 notes

  1. Pip promises he will come back to the village and do something special for everyone. His words seem sincere but he seems embarrassed by the village so it is difficult to know if he will keep his promise.

  2. Pumblechook tells Pip his fortune is well-deserved because he still believes he is part of the reason it happened by taking Pip to Miss Havisham. He wants to keep in with Pip so he can feel the effects of Pip’s wealth.

  3. Trabb is the town tailor. He is a reasonable man. Trabb treats Pip with great respect because Pip now has money and can pay Trabb for things.

  4. Miss Havisham asks Pip questions which suggests she knows about Pip getting the money. She also does it in front of Sarah Pocket as if she is trying to show Sarah that she gave Pip money but not her own family.

  5. Pip initially looks forward to leaving home, but he begins to get upset at the thought of leaving Joe and Biddy behind. The chapter ends quite sadly as Pip cries over leaving his home.

  6. Pip’s expectations have been fulfilled as he always dreamed of being a gentleman and now this has become a possibility for him, with the small fortune coming into his possession.