Tag Archives: close reading

Scary Revision Time 2019 (Don Paterson and Great Expectations)

Hello darling Higher students. It’s that time of year again, where you all start panicking and stressing out. Fear not, the revision materials are here to help you remain calm and make sure all those lovely quotes and pieces of analysis are secure in your head.

First up, RUAE. You will find past papers on the SQA website. Go check it out now!

Secondly you need to know your quotes for the Critical Reading paper:
revision quotes

Thirdly, some practice questions focused on your Critical Reading:
Don Paterson Practice Questions
Higher essay questions

And lastly, here’s some sample essays for you to think about:
Estella complex character

GE important incident Havisham and Estella

Havisham attitude

Havisham mental health theme

havisham side-by-side

Pip mixed feelings

Pip moral significance

Pip side by side

Depression Passage questions for practice

The following questions have been created to answer after reading the following adapted article originally found at the Guardian.

1) Read paragraph 1 – 5. Explain how the writer uses language to express his opinion on sadness. (6)

2) How does the context help us understand the meaning of the word ‘pathologise’ in paragraph 7. (2)

3) Read paragraph 9. How is a condescending attitude created towards the DSM through the writer’s use of language? (6)

4) What does the writer think about the sadness cures and how is this opinion created in paragraph 10? (3)

5) Read paragraph 11. Explain how this acts as a link in the passage. (2)

6) Read paragraph 12 -13. IN your own words explain what happened during the University of California case study? (3)

7) Read paragraphs 14 – 16. How does the writer use language and/or sentence structure to convey their thoughts about the different ‘wellness therapies’? (6)

8) How is the ending effective? (2)

Listening Practice

Watch the videos then answer the questions below for each one.

1. Explain in detail who you think would watch this programme. Give reasons to support answer.

2. What is/are the purpose/purposes of the programme?

3. Consider the way in which the contributors to the programme uses language such as word choice, repetition, tone of voice, or other relevant features to affect the viewer’s opinion (four techniques with analysis to pass).
4. What have you learned from watching this clip? Tell me at least four things and support your answer with detailed evidence.
5. What side of the argument do you agree with? Explain your views and support with evidence from the programme you have watched.

Nat 5 Paper 1: Scottish Tourism

These answers are the full answers as pulled together by the class:

1. The first attitude we can see in the paragraphs is that the tourist traders are not bothered about their customers because they treat them like dirt. The second attitude is being excited about the customers because they give them free things like a drink and are enthusiastic towards them.
2. The writer experiences this himself when he takes the bus to the Highlands. He misses his connection, and the bus driver doesn’t seem fazed at all. He also experiences good will in Ullapool. The hotel owner immediately provides him with a room and a complimentary drink showing he is enthusiastic towards his customer.
3. The image is a simile and it compares the attitude of the bus driver to that of a traffic warden. Traffic wardens are thought to be notoriously grumpy towards people and this image implies that the bus driver is being similarly rude and obtuse towards his patrons.
4. First of all he asks a rhetorical question. He says “where have I been all these years?” in response to having missed Scottish Tourism Week for the last 6 years. This is clearly supposed to be sarcasm. On first reading he implies he is upset he has missed it, but the sarcastic tone betrays the fact he is not upset about missing it at all. He tells us the catchphrase for the event this year is ‘competing for growth’ which he then calls ‘meaningless’. His word choice here tells us that he thinks the event is pointless. He then uses word choice to reinforce this idea further when he belittles the conference events calling them ‘pow-wows’, ‘‘industry dinner’’ and ‘soirees’. All of these make the events sound pompous and over the top. He suggests that they’re really just an opportunity for money to be spent.
5. Paragraph 7 acts as a link between two focuses in the passage. The phrase ‘as a constant tourist in my own country’ tells us that he has just been looking at how he travels and explores his native land of Scotland. The phrase ‘I have my own thoughts on how we may compete for growth’ shows us that he is going on to talk about how he thinks the tourist trade in Scotland could be improved.
6. The two ways attitudes have changed are that ‘bad service and bad manners’ are a thing of the past. This means that your tourist experience at an event is now a happy one and that the attitude towards the tourists is better.
7. Four ways Scotland can improve is by making its hotel rooms cleaner, making its hotel rooms tidier, making sure the countryside is kept clear of litter and keeping the hedgerows neat.

8. The writer describes night arriving by saying ‘as the heavens darkened’. This is exaggeration and makes the scene much more dramatic. It gives a biblical tone to the passage as if he is on an epic journey rather than a simple trip to the Highlands.
9. The title is an effective one as the passage focuses on how we need to physically clean Scotland up, both externally and internally which is referenced in ‘Clean up’. The second meaning is that the Tourist industry needs to change its attitude to encourage more tourists to Scotland.

RUAE: The Triggering

1. The purpose of this article is to inform us about the Triggering – a social media movement to reveal the truth to social justice warriors and people on the extreme left politically.

2. We know this because in the second paragraph it talks about how SJWs block off people whose opinions differ to theirs – use of mass block lists’. Also in the second paragraph it talks about ‘politically incorrect home truths’ which means that sometimes the facts aren’t always necessarily in line with the PC ideas on racism, sexism or ageism.

3&4. The target audience would be other adults who agree with the Triggering. We know this because the writer’s tone throughout appeals to these people with humour. He calls the social justice warriors ‘precious snowflakes’ which makes them seem weak and pathetic. He also calls the Triggering ‘hilarious’ which shows he finds the movement really funny as it antagonises leftist people.

5. The writer’s word choice of ‘cry baby’ is effective in par 1 as it suggests that the SJWs moan all the time. The word has connotations of taking an extreme upset reaction to very small things that shouldn’t really affect us.

6. The metaphor of ‘echo chamber’ to describe social media is very effective. All the different types of social media are the echo chamber and all the different posts become the echoes. Social media takes a point and ends up amplifying it as it gets retweeted just like an echo bouncing.

7. ‘Precious snowflake’ is an effective descriptor of the SJWs. The writer uses this ironically. The ‘snowflake’ suggests these people are delicate and the precious suggests they are worth looking after. Because his tone is ironic we know that he actually means that these people need to become more resilient.

8. The dash adds information about the SJWs not having their ideas confronted. The writer says this is a good thing as if they knew someone was challenging their thoughts then they would sue or seek psychiatric help.

9. The word ‘merely’ suggests that the ‘we hunted the Mammoth’ website is trying to downplay the importance of the Triggering by making it seem small and unworthy.

10. The writer clearly supports the Triggering and thinks it’s a good thing. He says it is a good way to ‘reassert the right to broadcast’ which shows he thinks taking back freedom of speech is a good thing. He also calls Lauren Southern a ‘libertarian activist’. If he didn’t support her ideas he would probably have insulted her, instead he supports her for starting the Triggering.

RUAE: Immigration Panic

Here are the answers to Immigration Panic

1. The purpose of this article is to inform us about the new legislation in Germany which the author thinks will further the divide between Western culture and Muslim immigrants.
2. We know this because it talks about the new law to ban the ‘public wearing of a burqa’. This is seen as controversial as it confuses Muslim women and breaks a religious code. Another piece of evidence from the text showing this is about clashing cultures is the reference to the 19% support the AfD has gained in two regions. They are a neo-nazi group and it suggests people in Germany are becoming more right-wing.
3. The intended audience would be adults interested in what is happening in Germany right now and the ‘immigration crisis’.
4. WE know this because in the final paragraph it talks about ‘340 cases’ of ‘extremists entering refugee camps to get recruits.’ This is worrying because it shows terrorists are able to get here and are trying to get more supporters. There are also new sensible rules being brought in like more police to help try and control the streets more.
5. The expression ‘burst of proposals’ is effective in par 2 as it suggests that the proposals are coming out really fast. There is also something aggressive about this image, it is reminiscent of gunfire, as if the politicians are trying to take out the terrorists with new laws as if they are weapons.
6. The dash gives us more information about the refugee rules that have been changed to make them more effective – in this case they tell us how they have made it easier to send refugees back home.
7. The brackets act as parenthesis to add more information about why Germany would want legislation aimed at helping other cultures integrate with theirs – this is because there is 4.3m Germans who identify with dual citizenship.
8. The metaphor is ‘the debate will be hot’.
9. This is very effective because it is telling is that the debate will be ‘heated’ and potentially dangerous. The regulations they are bringing in are to prevent extremists terrorising Europe which could bring us harm. The temperature of the debate is being compared to something that is really hot and therefore dangerous to go near.
10. The first sentence in the last paragraph acts effectively as a link. The first part of the sentence ‘fears that migrants may commit terror’ links back to the focus of the rest of the passage – that people in Germany are very frightened of immigrants moving to their area who are involved in ISIS. The next part of the phrase ‘are justified’ shows us that the final paragraph will look at ways terrorists have actually infiltrated Europe and the refugee camps.