History of Brain Development Timeline

1905 – Alfred Binet introduced new test for measuring intelligence called the Binet – Simon scale.

1949 – Walter Rudolf Hess research showed that the interbrain is responsible for coordinating the activities of the body’s internal organs.

1950 – Karl Spenser Lashley found that there is no single site for memory in the brain through experimenting on rats.

1953 – Nathaniel Kleitman and Eugene Aserinsky discovered there to be rapid eye movement while a child was a sleep. This led researcher into believing that sleeping involves some sort of learning process.

1963 – John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Fielding Huxley awarded for their work on the mechanisms of the neuron cell membranes as they discovered the chemical means by which impulses are communicated or repressed by the nervous system.

1967 – Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline and George Wald research details how the eye passes images to the brain.

1977 – Roger Guillenim and Andrew Schally honoured for discoveries concerning the production of peptide hormones in the brain. Their discoveries helped to increase the understanding of glandular disease.

1981 – Wiesel and Hubel’s research how visual information is transmitted from the retina to the brain. Sperry’s work concerns the specialization of functions within the cerebral hemispheres of the brain.

1987 – Anti-depressant drug discovered.

1991 – Erwin Neher and Bert Sakmann discover function for single ion channels which increase understanding of how cells communicate with one another.

1994 – Alfred Gilman and Martin Rodbell discover G-protein coupled receptors.

1997 – Stanely Prusiner discovers new gene of infectious agents known as prions.

2000 – Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric Kandel discover signal transduction in the nervous system.

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