A learning experience that stands out for me is a topic on advertising I did in primary six. We were put into groups and had to come up with a type of perfume. Once we created our idea we then had create different ways to advertise it. We made leaflets and posters but the one that sick out in my mind is we created an advert. I remember being extremely nervous as it was being filmed. But I had confidence in my team. We had practiced what we were going to say and what angles we were going to film. It was all done in one take. So there was no room for mistakes. But I plucked up the courage and with the support of the team we created our advert. Once all the adverts were filmed we watched everyone’s. I remember feeling immensely proud of what we managed to achieve. I conquered my fear and we made a compelling advert. What I remember most about that process was bonding with my team mates. I had a great time and really enjoyed making it. I think it stands out as it was out of the norm. It was something we did not normally do and it was something I could relate to. We had all seen adverts on the TV. So the prospect of making something I saw all the time was exciting. We were not stuck behind out tables, we were being quite active and it was thrilling.
Symbiotic means interaction between two ‘things’, this interaction is normally to the advantage of both. It is a mutually favourable relationship that can happen between different groups or people. It could be said that mathematics and science have a symbiotic relationship and that adopting a cross curricular approach to teaching both subjects in primary school create a perfect combination. Both are connected and mutually beneficial to each other. There are many areas where mathematics and science overlap especially as more areas of mathematical application are evolving. Similar to some areas of science and engineering as they too develop, they become indistinguishable from some areas of mathematics. Mathematics can reveal what scientists have discovered by helping children find relationships between a hypothesis and the data collected. Scientists use data from their experiments to support or disprove their theories. Without applying mathematics to science proving scientific theories would become very difficult. For children to accurately understand a scientific principle or calculation they will need to comprehend the relationship between mathematics and science. By helping children succeed in mathematics they will also improve their scientific skills. Teachers need to be aware of the importance of these connections and provide opportunities to make meaningful links. This is why teachers should respond with cross curricular teaching. Cross curricular topics provide a good opportunity for children to think deeper and learn about the important relationship between mathematics and science. Subjects taught effectively together can help children understand both areas in a more constructive manner and enable teachers to make connections to each topic and previous learning. This will allow children to excel in these areas and have a profound understanding of both mathematics and science.
Brodie, M. and Byrne, E. (2012) Cross Curricular Teaching and Learning in the Secondary School… Science. Routledge.
Gilfeather, F. Griffiths, P. (1986) Mathematical sciences : a unifying and dynamic resource. Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press.
Kumon (2015) How Science and Math are Related, http://www.kumon.com/resources/how-science-and-math-are-related/ (accessed 24.02.17)
Oxford Dictionaries (2010) Oxford Dictionary of English, 3rd edition, OUP Oxford
Role play can be described as range of activities that mirror real life under a controlled environment. It can be based around a ‘snapshot’ or reality or it could be taken from a ‘made up’ event. Role play can allow children to manipulate time and space, restricted only by children’s imagination. Role play has so many benefits as it allows children to make sense of what they see and hear. Role play can offer a way for children to be deeply immersed in their learning. Role play can be used in many settings. Using role play in an educational setting allows children to broaden their knowledge and understanding. This is why role play can be a powerful tool in facilitating mathematical knowledge and understanding.
Role play not only is beneficial to pupils but to teachers as well. As role play can help teachers to gain a more in-depth idea of a child’s knowledge of mathematical concepts. An example of this could be creating a shop to check children’s understanding of exchanging money. Role play can chance the feel of a classroom environment and change it into a creative learning space. That could be because role play is seen as creative it may feel more like play to children than work. As a result children might be more motivated to engage in activities. Role play can teach some skills that are very difficult to learn in more traditional ways; such as self-awareness, problem solving, communication, initiative and team work. As role play is more creative; children might enjoy being active and therefore remember more, developing a greater knowledge and understanding. Role play can make children feel more comfortable in real life situations as they already know the procedure e.g. buying items form a shop. Role play can make learning real for children. It allows children to explore their feelings and understanding in a non-threatening environment.
Bottle, G. (2005) Teaching Mathematics in the Primary School. Continnuum-3PL.
Briggs, M. (2014) Creative Teaching Mathematics in the Primary Classroom. Routledge.
Cummings, A. and Featherstone, S. (2009) Role Play in the Early Years. Featherstone Education.
Lee, T. and Pound, L. (2015) Teaching Mathematics Creatively. Routledge.
Matwiejczuk, K. (1997) Role Play: Theory and Practice. SAGE Publications LTD.
Theories of intelligence can be linked all the way back to Plato. He believed that intelligence was like a ball of wax: size, hardness, moistness and purity. For 1500 years the Greeks and Romans thought that to be intelligent you have to have a tempered body this meant; four humours, blood, phlegm and black and yellow bile. However knowledge on intelligence is very incomplete and even theorists cannot agree.
The first test of human intelligence was Simon and Binet in 1905. The believed that intelligence is learned and can be misguided. They created a test which would support struggling learners. Their mental test was created to be used in school and work places. They reflect a child’s level of performance in school tasks. The test compared the mental achievements of high and low achieving children the same age and from this is what determined a child’s mental age. Lewis Terman created a standardised version. This was scored in a child’s overall level of intelligence. One criticism was that it was invalid as he underestimated the true knowledge, skills and aptitudes of children.
Another theory of intelligence was created by Charles Spearman. He created the ‘g’ factor. He believed that there was one central intelligence, which influenced on cognitive abilities. Agreeing with Spearman was Robert Sterberg. His theory in 1985 was that he thought that there was a correlation between intelligences. Intelligence includes qualities such as; helps us adapt to our environment. These include cognitive abilities. For example: to learn from experience, to reason, to remember essential information and to cope with challenges of daily living. Howard Gardner also agreed with Spearman. Gardner’s theory was that he believed in nine separate intelligences. He thought that strength in one would show weakness in another. He also thought that intelligences are linked to general mental ability e.g. Verbal, mathematical and musical. One person who disagreed with Spearman was Lewis Leon Thurso. His theory in 1921 was that there was seven independent intelligences.
Implications of learning from all these theories have been that we know think of the child of a ‘whole person’. Also we now know that intelligence can exist beyond cognitive connections. All this will benefit teachers in that the can teach at stage the in appropriate for a child’s mental age.
I have heard wonderful things about Finland; that is that it’s one of the best education systems in the world. But it was not until I had a lecture in it recently then I began to understand why.
Finland has promotes education as an essential factor to their system. They are a well organised and efficient society that can rely on the infrastructure as the public and private sectors are run efficiently. In 2013 they were ranked the least failed state in the world; this was the third year in a row. Their average literacy skills are excellent – two thirds of adults are good or excellent readers. However eleven percent of sixteen to sixty year olds have very poor skills in literacy. Their adult numeracy skills are the best in an OECD country – over half of adults are either good or excellent. However thirteen percent of adults experience difficulties in basic math.
Finland was a top performer in the PISA 2000s tests. In 2009 the number of students reaching top level of performance in science was three times the amount of OECD average. Newsweek magazine in 2016 rated it as the best country in the world to live in. Finland boasts gender equality and low levels of corruption and education is considered to be a top priority. Their society is built upon education, culture and knowledge. The aims of Finland’s education policy are: quality, efficiency, equality and internalisation. The education system offers equal opportunities for all and all pupils receive a school meal.
As you can see Finland have had great results from their education system this is because they have infested a lot in it. Education is very important in their society. Something I think we could adopt in our society.
Mathematical language can be found everywhere. As I have recently found out. I was challenged to find mathematical language in a picture book. I chose ‘We’re going in a bear hunt’ by Michael Rosen.
I found this book not only had mathematical language but it was very repetitive; which would work well in the early year’s environment. Some of the mathematical language included:
So a very common theme or concept coming from this was size and direction. With that in mind I thought for when planning the lesson you could bring in some props. For example while the story was being read out the children could each be holding an arrow. The arrow would symbolise the direction of the people walking. So for example if the people in the book go ‘up’ the children could point the arrow up towards the sky. To check the children’s understanding the teacher could also use the arrow and point it in different directions and the children could say the answer, showing their understanding of ‘up’ or ‘down’. I also thought this story would be a great if actions are added in. You could even get the children involved and ask them what action would go with each word. This would increase the engagement of each child and also check their understanding of the story.
I recently had a lecture all about modern language in the primary school. This got me thinking about my experience of modern languages. I started learning modern languages in upper years in primary. I don’t really associate good memories with modern languages. I wasn’t given any choice in which language I learnt. It was quite simple; I was learning French and that was that. Most of my memories include a lot of book work, which wasn’t very exciting. I had a quite old fashioned teacher who I had throughout primary school right up to senior one. After that I had two French teachers. The first although she was nice, was quite strict. She only allowed us to speak French in the classroom, no word English was allowed. Since I already wasn’t very confident in my ability this meant I spoke very little in the classroom. It wasn’t until I got my third and last French teacher that I started to enjoy myself. It’s interesting because out of the three teachers she wasn’t French, she was British. Maybe this is why I liked her. She took things slow; explain things in an easy manner; which allowed me to build my confidence. She also played a lot of games which captured my imagination. So I think if I teach a language I would like to take this fun aspect, which should hold the children’s imagination. I will also not speak solely in the language I am teaching. I do think children need to hear the language but they also need to understand. If they do not understand they might switch off and not participate in that lesson. Overall I hope to make my lesson fun and enjoyable so that children have good memories of learning a modern language.