Consume, Create, Communicate
To more effectively support our learners with their online lives it is important to understand their behaviour as consumption, creation or communication. The apps and platforms they use may be ever-changing but their behaviours are not. Understanding the behaviour will help educators make more effective use of our Teacher Toolkit which has ideas, information and resources to support with cyber resilience learning and teaching.
What is information literacy and why should I teach it?
“The ability to think critically and make balanced judgements about any information we find and use. It empowers us as citizens to reach and express informed views and to engage fully with society.” – CILIP Information Literacy Group
Almost three-quarters of young people say social media is an important source of news to them – although there is growing awareness of its trustworthiness only around a third of young people will question what they read. (Ofcom, 2019)
How to teach information literacy
As this content is dependent on being read, viewed or heard online it can be tackled with cyber resilience and internet safety learning and teaching. The Digital Literacy and Literacy and English Experiences and Outcomes might be:
- Searching, processing and managing information responsibly, TCH x-02a
- Cyber resilience and internet safety, TCH x-03a
- Recognise the difference between fact and opinion and progressing to evaluative comments about relevance reliability and credibility with appropriate justification, LIT x-18a
This learning is often taught in the context of ‘fake news’ but ‘false or misleading information’ is a more accurate term. False or misleading information can be potentially dangerous when it relates to medical or health claims and requires learners to be smarter about how they engage with online content.
Recognise, React, Recover – this is our strategy for developing cyber resilience to online threats and harms. With cyber resilience we are focused on the device and platform the learner uses and helping them maintain control of this through settings and controls.
There are a number of credible and reliable websites offering fact checks:
Reality Check – BBC News
FactCheck – Channel 4 News
Reuters Fact Check
Fact Check: Political & News Fact Check | AP News
Fact Check Tools (google.com)
Safe, Smart, Kind – these are our desired behaviours for children and young people when they are online. With internet safety we are focused on the behaviour and not the platform – so what the learners do is more important than where or what app they use.
Information literacy is often taught in the context of ‘fake news’ but ‘false or misleading information’ is a more accurate term. False or misleading information can be potentially dangerous when it relates to medical or health claims and requires learners to be smarter about how they engage with online content.
Who can help?
Hopefully we can. If you don’t find what you’re looking for, get in touch on twitter @DigiLearnScot.
Information literacy is also a key role of school librarians and they are always willing to support learning about it. Find out more about how school librarians can support information literacy learning. The literacy and English curricular team at Education Scotland have more on their national Professional Learning Community site:
Resources for educators
This site has lots of free lessons and resources, including this series of lessons on how to interpret and evaluate information online. The lessons are progressive, relevant and each one comes with activities that are easy to adapt for your learners’ needs.
The Detective Digiduck story and resources from Childnet, and author Lindsay Buck, are a great introduction to CRIS and information literacy. In this story Digiduck finds that not everything on the internet can be trusted and that you need to check the reliability of it from a range of sources.
This site has lots of information, videos and activities to support you develop your learners’ understanding of what fake news is and how it affects us.
The NLT has a fake news and critical literacy resources page with cross-curricular resources for learners of all ages.
They also have their Words for Life page that explains what fake news is, how to spot it and links to The Guardian NewsWise content and has a section on child-friendly news sites: Child-friendly news | NewsWise | The Guardian
Moving Image Education has lots of resources and information to support you teach film literacy, including this activity that supports learners evaluate and analyse YouTube content. Let the learners lead the learning by selecting their own video and then analysing it with this scaffolded activity.
Ofcom hosts this site which contains information about media literacy – what it is and how to teach it – alongside reports that explain how, what and why children and young people are accessing media. Read the latest research on the impact of covid on children’s media lives here.