- Essential – Several d20 sets of polyhedral dice (d20; d12; d10; d8; d6; d4); Pre-made adventures (if you don’t feel able to create your own) and character sheets*; Players Handbook; Monster Manual; Pencils and erasers.
- Desirable – Dungeon Master’s Guide; Miniatures** to represent characters and monsters, although coloured counters can be used – the Librarian painted old half pence pieces. Warhammer models are also useful for this; grid*** ; DM screen (if you choose to keep your dice rolls secret). Chess pieces have also proved useful.
Pupils can create their own characters, but it is often easier to use pre-generated characters (eg. the ones in the starter set) as it takes time to create one from scratch. In the library keen players come in at lunchtime and use the Creating a Dungeons & Dragons Character guide and Player’s Handbook.
The character sheets can appear quite complex to begin with. A useful tip would be to ensure that the main sections of the sheet are highlighted. To this end, one could colour each of the most used sections: Initiative; Saving Throws; Skills, and Attacks. This means that if a player is struggling to find what they need (which even happens with experienced players), then the DM can say “Attacks in purple box”, for instance.
As a learning experience, during the initial introduction to the game, one could ask the pupils to colour in each section themselves – using the colours you set out so all are the same. This allows them to develop familiarity from the outset. This might also be useful for those who have processing issues with number and text, and one should also ensure that pupils (dyslexia) who have been identified as needing coloured paper rather than white, should be given a character sheet on the relevant colour.
Use miniatures and a square grid or hex grid to help visualise the scene and show the positions of PCs and enemies. D&D doesn’t necessarily need these as players can just use their imagination to describe where they are – ‘theatre of the mind’.
1″ square / 1 hex = 5′ in the game world (2cm square graph paper works too). Wipe clean grids are handy, but a bit of A3 with a grid on it would be good enough. Some pre-made adventures come with printed map layouts or you can purchase pre-printed card tiles. Game world measurements use imperial measurements (USA product) so it is worth explaining this to your players.
2. Groups: Best played in groups of 5-6. One Dungeon Master to lead the game and 5 players with their ‘player characters’ (PCs). Less than 4 PCs can make the game tougher as most published adventures are often geared towards this number. An experienced DM, though, would reduce the numbers of enemies to ensure there are not too many PC deaths. 😉 Experienced DMs may also be able to run larger groups, but having clear table rules, in particular, players should not talk over each other or the DM, be ready for their turn and importantly, listen.
3. Dungeon Master: The DM will run the game. S/he will provide the detail of the setting, play the creatures and NPCs (non-player characters), describe events, actions, places, landscapes, etc. A DM can:
- New to the game – buy the 5th edition starter set which gives a basic set of rules, 5 pre-made PCs and an adventure scenario – The Lost Mines of Phandelver. Read the Starter Set Rule Book (32 pages) first. It is also a good idea to read the adventure in whole prior to running the game. The Dungeons & Dragons Essentials Kit is also a great way of learning the game and introducing new players.
- Experienced DMs – create own adventures.
- Don’t have time to create own adventures – buy in pre-made adventures. Dungeon Master’s Guild is a super place to head for adventures you can download some for free, ‘pay what you want’ (please pay something as it takes time for creators to produce their work – $1 /£0.80 is not a lot to ask) or set price. Resources here are produced by Wizards of the Coast (the publisher of D & D) and many fan produced works.
- You can also purchase the adventure module books published by Wizards of the Coast: eg. Hoard of the Dragon Queen; Out of the Abyss; Curse of Strahd, to name but a few.
4. Timing the Sessions: Ideally one would want to play D&D in sessions of 2-3 hours (more is brilliant). In a school with a set timetable we have to fit a session into a 50 minute lesson (we are lucky to have timetabled activities on a Friday) or thereabouts. It can be difficult to maintain continuity with short sessions, but carefully managed one can do it. Pupils are often interested in the combat side of the game – the dice rolling, the miniatures on a battle grid – rather than pure roleplaying – so make that a bit more of a priority. Don’t spend an entire session having them travel between towns with little happening.
Tips for keeping on task in short sessions:
- Players – keep in the game. No off topic chatting. No mobile phones (texting, etc) unless using a D&D app for the game or for photographing miniature positions at the end of the game.
- In non-combat encounters, let players discuss their plans between them. Ensure all get a chance to have their say if necessary, but don’t let such discussion drag out.
- Turn order in combat = initiative – players must be prepared for their turn. If they aren’t ready or don’t make a decision on what they want to do, they lose their turn or drop down to the bottom of the initiative. For time saving, on can just go round the table in order.
- DM keep notes and encourage players to keep notes.
5. Types of Action: The D&D world is whatever you and your players want to make it.
Social Interaction: Non-combat: interaction with NPCs (non-player characters) – usually roleplay with a little dice rolling to determine outcomes.
Exploration: Travelling; resting & downtime; investigating / searching for clues; shopping; negotiating traps and obstacles.
Combat: the battles!
6. Table Rules: Have a set of table rules and stick to them.