So what is Flipped Learning? The background to the Flipped Classroom
Teachers who have heard of the term “Flipped Classroom” may well be wondering what it’s all about. And for those who’d like to find out more, or perhaps try out the idea in their own classroom, the resources below may be helpful. Although there is not a single definition of what it means, teachers who have adopted the flipped classroom model in some way in their school generally agree upon certain features:
- the teacher shares video explanations of the material to be learned by pupils in advance of teaching time (these videos may be teacher-created, or links to videos already available elsewhere, or videos created by pupils).
- pupils review that material (as often as required)
- pupils prepare questions to ask (this may be done in an online shared class space)
- in teaching time the pupils may group themselves acording to how well they feel they have grasped the material – whether feeling fully ready to apply in problem-solving situations, perhaps needing practice, or maybe needing questions answered before proceeding.
- the teacher then challenges the pupils who feel they have fully grasped the information to apply their undertsanding to higher order thinking activities; guides those who need consolidation (perhaps with support materials to work on in class); and helps those who need the concepts explained in different ways.
It’s not a one-size-fits-all model; and does not need to be the only way of working in a class or school. Many teachers have found increased understanding and engagement by their pupils – so the following provides resources to support teachers thinking about this for their own setting.
The video below (Flipping the Classroom Simply Speaking) provides a useful overview of the concept behind the Flipped Classroom.
The video below by Ben Rouse provides a description of how he has put the flipped classroom into practice in his school, including why, the steps involved in introducing it, the process and the benefits experienced by learners.
The presentation by Ben Rouse on his interpretation of Flipped Learning in his classroom. This accompanies the video above and provides links to resources mentioned in the video.
Survey about Flipped Learning – Sophia and the Flipped Learning Network conducted an online survey in February 2014 that collected the responses of 2,358 teachers over ten days. This asked them about flipped learning, their experiences with flipped learning and the effect on learners. The survey results are now available as a pictorial infographic poster.
The Digital Sandbox Flipped Classroom Defined is a comprehensive post by Mike King which not only provides helpful presentations explaining the theory behind the flipped classroom concept, and examples of it in practice, it also includes links to digital tools which would support teachers in moving to using the flipped classroom concept in their own practice.
Pause, Rewind My Teacher: Flipped Classroom Webinar by Chris Waterworth is a video which describes Flipped Learning in a classroom context:
Lessons Turned Upside Down is an article by Darren Evans in the Times Educational Supplement which provides the background to the concept behind the Flipped Classroom – where pupils are directed to online resources by the teacher in advance of coming to class, and the activity where pupils put their learning into practice is then undertaken in class time with support from the teacher.
What the Flip? is an article by Steve Wheeler which challenges educators to think through what they are doing when considering a flipped classroom model.
ESchool News Flipped learning: A response to common criticisms by Alan November and Brian Mull provides helpful definitions of successful Flipped Learning along with links to research and examples of Flipped Learning in educational settings. The ESchool News also has a collated list of various posts on the topic of Flipped Learning here.
Jeff Dunn on the Edudemic Blog (Connecting Education and Technology) provides a visual infographic which provides an overview of why some educators hav emoved to using Flipped Classroom techniques and the differences it has made to learning and teaching for them and their learners.
The Flipped Classroom Model is a post by Jackie Gerstein which concentrates, not on the video element which many might see incorrectly as the main focus on learning, on what a teacher can do differently in the classroom to achieve the deeper understanding through managed activities which brings about higher order thinking and learning by pupils.
Lisa Nielson on the Tech & Learning blog sets out concerns which have been raised about implementation of Flipped Learning models (and which schools thinking about introudcing the Flipped Classroom techniques would want to consider) and provides comments from others on how these concerns have been addressed in schools.
The 6-step guide to flipping your classroom – a post on the Daily Genius blog which has a visual infographic poster which encapsulates the principal steps in the process of flipping your classroom, and also provides links to further resources elsewhere which expand on the concepts.
Where is it used already?
Edudemic Blog post on schools using the flipped classroom model provides links to schools using Flipped Classroom techniques in their classrooms and descriptions of their experiences.
Education Next post by Bill Tucker provides examples of how the Flipped Classroom model is used in classrooms. In addition to describing how it is used the article also has many comments from other educators where concerns are expressed and how these concerns have been addressed.
What impact do teachers who have tried flipping their class say this has had?
What do teachers who’ve flipped their classrooms have to report? This is an infographic poster describing the collated responses from a survey of several hundred teachers who have put the flipped classroom techniques into practice, and the impact on thei teaching and the learning of their pupils.
Flipped Learning Network – this link to research and case studies provides information to support teachers looking at considering flipped classroom approaches to learning and teaching.
Tools to support teachers making use of flipped learning model
Tools which will help teachers put methods from the Flipped Classroom concept into practice may include the following:
Shared Online Space for Classroom Interaction
Classroom blogs can provide online spaces for a class which can be either private to just the class or public for wider access. Other education-specific collaborative tools would include wikis, Edmodo, Schoology (schools should ensure they comply with requirements when data is held outwith the EU) and Glow. These are spaces where the videos or links to teaching resources can be shared with pupils, where the pupils can ask questions of each other and of the teacher in a safe environment, and where individual or class group work can be shared and commented on by class peers or by the teacher as appropriate to each situation.
5 Course Management Tools is a collection of online sharing spaces/course management tools, specifically aimed at use in educational establishments, collated and described by David Andrade.
Sophia is an online space with the combined tools in one place for teachers to create tutorials, with videos and presentations, and quizzes to help learners to engage with learning. This post, using Sophia, by Aaron Mullally provides an example of the tool in action, but is also a flip class tutorial to show educators “how flipping the classroom will create a paradigm shift in teaching practices.”
EduCanon – is a free online tool which lets you take a video stored online within YouTube and then to add interactive questions at any point within the video. Feedback can be provided for learners on their chosen response choices.
Video Screen capture tools
Teachers Use Technology to Flip their Classroom is a post on the TechSmith blog which provides step-by-step handouts for teachers considering trying out the flipped classroom – stressing that it does not need to be a wholesale shift but can be tried out. This post provides helpful advice and guides to resources which will support teachers.
For links to a host of Screencasting tools collected by Jerry Blumengarten on his Cybraryman site click here. Screencasting tools capture as a video whatever the computer user does on their device – the user highlights what they want to demonstrate and hits play, records what they want, stops, then shares the created video.
For teachers who want to create their own videos then click here for a post about resources for using Flip Cameras (or similar devices). Click here fore resources on using Windows Live Movie Maker to create videos. For teachers who wish to use animation tools to have engaging video content without needing to themselves appear on screen click here for a variety of video animation tools.
6 Tips for creating better videos for use in Flipped Classrooms – by Hans Mundahl. Makes several suggestions for teachers creating vidoes so as to make them more effective.
13 Tips for Engaging Flipped Classroom Videos – a very helpful post by educator Troy Cockrum which explains and describes how to make more engaging videos for your learners to ensure they have a better chance of success in supporting learning and teaching with your pupils.
Audio Recording Tools
For creating audio recordings (whether to be used as podcasts or to accompany content online) click here for tools to help create audio recordings.
Other Technology Resources
The Electric Educator has a post by John Sowash which is based on practical classroom experience using Flipped Classroom techniques, and provides advice and links to resources which teachers have used to support flipping their own classroom.
Tools for Flipping the Classroom – a Livebinder by Brett Clark which groups resources to support teachers looking to use flipped classroom techniques. Here you will find various categories from introduction to tools to use, and by clicking on each heading in turn there are several links collated together under each heading.
Office Mix – a free downloadable add-in to Microsoft office which lets users create annotated Powerpoint presentations with audio as a video presentation which can be shared online.
You’re Not Alone – sites where teacher share ideas and resources on the Flipped Classroom
The Flipped Classroom Network is for teachers to share resources, ideas, tips and examples of practice in using the Flipped Classroom.
Twitter Teachers who use the Flipped Classroom is a feed hosted by John Sowash of Tweeting Teachers who use the Flipped Classroom model in their classrooms. You can also find comments, links and tips on Flipped Classrooms by going to Twitter and searching for the hashtag #FlipClass
Flipped Classroom page on Jerry Blumengarten’s Cybraryman site has a host of links to resources to support teachers looking to incorporate flipped learning models in their teaching.
Flipped-Learning.com is a site by Jon Bergmann supporting teachers adopting flipped classroom techniques. Flipping the Elementary Classroom is a post by Jon specifically looking at practical ways of using ideas from the flipped classroom model in a primary classroom.