Equally Safe, which is the national Scottish Government and COSLA strategy for preventing and eradicating gender based violence against women and girls has, as its definition, the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, 1993, which states that ‘gender based violence is a function of gender inequality, and an abuse of male power and privilege’. This gendered definition specifically highlights the need to ‘understand violence within the context of women’s and girl’s subordinate status in society, and includes women and girls across all protected characteristics defined by equality legislation; age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion and belief, sexual orientation, and pregnancy and maternity.
Gender refers to the range of socially constructed roles, traits, attitudes, behaviours, values, responsibilities, power, status and influence given to males and females, on a differential bases. Cultural expectations can play a major role in defining what we perceive as male and female roles and society’s views of masculinity and femininity.
Equally Safe defines gender based violence as encompassing:
- physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family (including children and young people) within the general community or in institutions, including domestic abuse, rape and incest
- sexual harassment, bullying and intimidation in any public or private space, including work
- commercial sexual exploitation
- child sexual abuse, including familial sexual abuse, child sexual exploitation and online abuse
- honour based violence including dowry related violence, female genital mutilation, forced and child marriages, and honour crimes
This strategy explicitly employs a gendered analysis of gender based violence. However, this analysis is not a denial that men can be victims of most types of violence, including domestic abuse, rape, sexual assault, harassment and childhood sexual abuse. However, statistics clearly demonstrate that women are much more likely to be victims. Police statistics continually show that the proportion of domestic abuse incidents involving a male victim and a female accused sits around I in 5 of all incidents.
- What does gender have to do with violence against women?
- Coronavirus (COVID-19) Supplementary National Violence Against Women Guidance
- Gender-based violence and learning disability (Guidance for practitioners)
Each Local Authority will have a Gender Based Violence (or Violence against Women) Partnerships which will develop a local strategy and action plan on how they will work towards elimination of all forms of gender based violence. It is recognised that no one agency can provide the solution and we need a community wide response so that everyone can challenge every aspect of gender based violence.
You can find copies of the Strategies here:
Falkirk’s strategy is coming soon.
Clackmannanshire’s strategy is coming soon.
Equally Safe at Work
What can we, as Practitioners, do?
Firstly there is an importance in keeping ourselves and colleagues safe. Every organisation should have a Gender Based Violence policy and procedure. The first point of call for this is your HR department. Below is a link to the national accreditation scheme around GBV and the workplace.
Training and Awareness Raising
Please make sure you take advantage of training and awareness raising events within each of the councils. More information about Public Protection and the Public Protection calendar is available on our page linked below.
Early Education and Prevention
Equally Safe at School takes place through a number of activities:
Mentors in Violence Prevention Programme
Relationships, Sexual Health and Parenthood resources
White Ribbon Campaign
White Ribbon Scotland seeks to end gender-based violence by including men in the solution. The work of the charity seeks to provide information and training sessions on how men can help end violence against women (VAW) within their own organisations and communities. We understand that most men are not violent towards women, but by ignoring those who are, is a large part of the problem.
White Ribbon Status Projects awards organisations/educational institutions/geographical areas with a tangible and intangible award that demonstrates their commitment to end VAW. We also seek trainee speakers, co-ordinators and ambassadors to represent and spread our message.
Community Bystander Approach
We want to link in with communities to raise awareness of gender-based violence, and to learn how to safely challenge all behaviours which can allow gender based violence to perpetuate.
If you would like someone to come and speak to a community, get in touch.
List of Specialist Support Services
Multi-Agency Risk Assessment Conference (MARAC)
All practitioners should be aware of, and attend training on what a MARAC is and know who, within your area, is the MARAC attendee and who can support you in bring a referral forward. So, if you are working with someone who you have concerns may be at serious risk of harm or murder, you need to think about, and talk to someone about a referral to MARAC.
For more information and resources surrounding MARAC, see our page linked below.
NHS Specialist Sexual Health and Rape Services
As a Practitioner, you should be aware of the Meadows Forensic Sexual Assault for anyone who has experienced sexual assault or rape. At the current time, referrals are through the police, however from 2021, people can self-refer into the clinic. The clinic is a warm, comfortable bungalow, with support on hand.
Our Justice Social Work services undertake supervised contact with Perpetrators of GBV and they, or the court, can refer to the Caledonian Project.