Five senses- hearing

Hearing

How do our ears work?

The large flap on the outside of your ear catches noise and directs it into your ear canal and on to the eardrum. Behind your ear drum are ossicles (three small bones) followed by the cochlea. The cochlea is shaped like a snail, filled with liquid and lined with hair-like particles. Our ears allow us to hear sounds through vibrations. Vibrations cause sound waves. These are funnelled from the ear flap to the ear canal, the eardrum, into the ossicles in the middle ear, and finally into the cochlea. The hairs in the cochlea are stimulated by the vibrations and send the sound signal to your brain for interpretation. Is the sound alerting us to something dangerous or important, like a fire alarm or a honking car horn?  Is the sound quiet and calming, like classical music or the whirring of a fan? What is going on around us? What should we do next?

Fun fact- your ear contains the three smallest bones in your body; the malleus, incus and stapes but are better known as the hammer, anvil and stirrup because of their shape.

Related activities-

  • Sound walk- go for a walk in your local area and discuss the different sounds you can hear
  • Paint to music- have a mix of dance/up beat and chilled out music, paint to the tempo of the music
  • Predict from four items what would make the loudest or softest noise if you skate it/tap it
  • Sound bingo- https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=h0Kp_J9kvNM
  • Take a sound trip around the body: Listen to the sounds of the body, heart beating, lungs breathing etc. 
  • Using jars filled with water of different levels, listen to the sound each jar makes by running a wet finger round the top
  • Make a rain stick using a kitchen roll tube, card/paper, rice/lentils and kitchen foil. Firstly decorate the tube then cut two circles of card/paper slightly bigger than the circumference of the tube. Snip the circles as in the picture and attach one to the end the tube. Then roll and twist the foil and put inside along with the rice and seal the other end.

  • Play Simon says, musical statues, musical chairs
  • Place various items in sealed containers, ask your child to shake them and ask what it could be
  • Help your child understand that we hear sound through vibrations
    • a musical triangle works best but if you don’t have one you could hang a metal fork or spoon from a piece of string. Hit the triangle with a metal beater and listen to the sound made through the vibration, then do it again but this time ask your child to catch the triangle. It stops the vibrations and, therefore, the sound.
    • another fun activity if you happen to have a drum or bongo drum in the house is to place some rice on top then scream as loud as you can and watch the rice jump around due to the vibrations. Try experimenting by putting cling film or kitchen foil on top of a large mixing bowl and please let us know if it works.

Remember you can share any fun activities with us on our twitter page.

Have fun and take care,

Eilidh x

Five senses- smell

Our sense of smell is a way for our brains to receive information about the world around us. The sensory receptors in the nose pick up information about the smells around us and pass this information along a channel of nerves where it eventually reaches the brain. Our sense of smell can discriminate between thousands of odours and help us determine whether they are strong, faint, pleasurable, foul or dangerous. It is also associated with the sense of taste helping to create the flavours that we taste in food.  This is why nothing seems to taste quite right when you have a bad cold.

Fun fact- Our sense of smell is closely related to a part of our nervous system which is responsible for emotions and memories. This is why certain smells can bring back memories.

Related activities-

  • Smell jars
    • This can be done either blind folded so your child is solely relying on their sense of smell or without so they are also using their sense of sight. 
    • If blind folded- place various food items in jars/cups/on plates. Then ask children- What do you smell? Does the smell remind you of something? Remove the blind fold and see if they still have the same answers. You might, for example, use a mint leaf so your child may think it is like toothpaste but once they can see they will know it is something different. 
    • If not blind folded- same idea as above but try using foods that look similar such as a mint leaf and a basil leaf or coffee and grated chocolate. This way you child can guess first by looking then use their sense of smell to confirm or change their answer. 
    • For each of these activities I would not expect children of this age to know the name of all herbs/spices etc. but they may be able to compare them to items they are familiar with e.g. basil is like pesto pasta. The main point is to understand how we use our senses separately and in conjunction with each other and to use a variety of language to describe the smells. 
  • Scented paints
    • Make your own paint by mixing a 1/2 cup of flour and a 1/2 cup of salt together then add a 1/2 cup of water until you get a smooth paste (you may need a little more water if too thick). Divide the mixture into three zip lock bags and add different scented food flavourings such as peppermint, lemon etc. You could also add colours e.g. yellow food colouring to the lemon scented bag etc. Then mix the scents and colour through the paint. Once thoroughly mixed, cut the corner of the ziplock bag and you have a ready made piping bag to squeeze the paint onto the paper.
    • Use herbal tea bags to create a colourful scented picture. This works best if you can hang the paper on an easel or stick on to a wall (in the garden I would think!)  Stick the tea bags onto a sheet of paper using tape or safety pins then use a spray bottle to get them wet.  Squish the tea bags and watch the colours dripping down the page. The more you squish, the more scent will be released!
  • Scented playdough
    • Basic playdough is made by mixing two cups flour, one cup salt, one cup water and a little oil together. To make scented playdough add flavour to the water before mixing to allow the scent to spread evenly through the playdough. Alternatively try using different flavoured oils such as garlic or rosemary. 
  • Water play
    • Add rosemary/lavender/oranges to the water tray and enjoy the lovely scent while splashing around.

Five senses- sight

Each day this week I will be posting a blog to help your child learn about their five senses. I will give a brief explanation of how the sense works and then give ideas of activities your child can take part in to help their understanding. Please do not feel you have to do all activities, it’s just to give you a bank of ideas and you can choose which ones your child will enjoy. Have fun!!!

Sight

How does your sense of sight work?

A fly darts towards your head! Light bounces off the insect and enters your eye’s cornea, a clear covering over your eye. The light passes through your pupil, the black circle in the centre of the iris, to the lens. The lens focuses the light onto your retina – a thin but vital lining on the back of your eye that is as flimsy as a wet tissue. Your retina acts like camera film, capturing the picture of the fly. This image is sent to the brain, which instantly tells you to – duck!

What do we need to see?

  • Eyes
  • Brain
  • Light

Fun fact-

You blink more than 10,000 times a day!!

Related activities-

  • Memory game- ask your child to draw pairs of shapes i.e. two circles, two squares etc. then turn them all over and take turns to find the matching shapes.
  • Spot the difference- if you are feeling creative you could draw two pictures for your child to spot the difference between or alternatively there are online options such as this from CBeebies 
  • I spy- use colours or shapes as an alternative to letters
  • Light and dark activities- emphasise that we need light to see
    • Use sunlight to create shadows with your hands
    • Cut small shapes and stick them on to a torch to create a variety of shadows 
    • Scavenger hunt-use torches to find different objects in a dark room/tent
  • Make your own binoculars- decorate/colour two toilet roll tubes then tie them together with string and go on a bug hunt

  • Make your own magnifying glass- fill a glass jar with water as full as possible to minimise air bubbles, place top on then put on its side and use as a magnifier. Alternatively, cut a circle from the neck of a plastic bottle, such as a coke bottle, so it is the same shape as an oversized contact lens then put a little water in this.

Please share your experiences with us on Twitter @cartmillcentre

Nature Photoframes

Hi boys and girls. Hope you’re all well and having lots of fun!

I’ve been keeping myself busy by spending lots of time outdoors and going for lots of lovely walks.  I’ve been busy in my garden and I have been growing lots of pretty flowers in all different colours.
I decided I would take some photographs of my flowers to cheer me up on rainy days! I made my own Nature photo frame to make my photos extra special. I thought I would show you how to make one of your own too. They’re easy to make and I had so much fun making mine.

To make your photo frame you will need:

Scissors (please ask an adult to help you)

Cardboard – you could use a cereal box

Coloured pens

You can draw any shape you like onto your cardboard.  I decided to draw a love heart.

Next I used scissors to cut out my love heart.  This was very tricky so please ask an adult to help you.

Now for the fun part! I used lots of different coloured pens to decorate my frame. I decided to draw lots of flowers using all my favourite colours. You can draw whatever you want to make yours look extra special!

And now finally for the best part of all. Time to take some photographs! I took some photos of the pretty flowers in my garden to show you. I love watching the clouds floating in the sky, so I thought I would take a photo of that too. I had to get my son to help me as my arms were too short to take the photo!

I had lots of fun making my frame and taking some photographs to show you. I’m going to send them to my family so that they can see them too. I’m going to take my frame out on my next walk to see if I can take photos of some of the animals I see in the fields near my house.

Have lots of fun making your frame and maybe you could ask an adult at home to take some photos for you!

Missing you all boys and girls and hope to see you soon. Take care. Love Fiona xx

Bubble Snakes 🐍 🐍

Hello everyone,

I hope you are all well and keeping busy.

Today, I wanted to share with you how to make bubble snakes.

What you will need is

  • 🐍 a plastic bottle
  • 🐍 a sock
  • 🐍 scissors
  • 🐍 washing up liquid
  • 🐍 a cup of water
  • 🐍 food colouring (optional)
  • 🐍 measuring spoon
  • 🐍 bowl

First get an adult to cut the bottom of the bottle off.

Then put a sock over the bottom.

Measure one cup of water into your bowl. Next measure 2 tablespoons of washing up liquid, pour into the water and mix.

Dip the sock end into the water/washing up liquid mixture.

Blow through the neck of the bottle to make your snake.

Even the big kids had fun blowing bubbles. I hope you have as much fun as we did.

We did try adding food colouring to our sock to make the bubbles colourful but I’m afraid it didn’t work for us. Maybe you could experiment and see if you can make a colourful snake.

Let see how long you can make your bubble snake. 🐍

Love Fiona 😁

 

 

 

Den Day!

Hi everyone, Lauren here
Missing you all ❤️

Den building indoors or outdoors is a fantastic activity to enjoy with your children. It’s easy to do anywhere and it will keep them busy for hours. It can be a place of adventure, where imaginary worlds are created alongside other children, or a cosy place where a child can go to spend time alone. Creating and building the den is the most enjoyable part of the process and children can let their imaginations go wild!

Children love to explore their creative side, and a den can really be whatever they want it to be! Let them create their own structure, using whatever materials you can offer them to support their creative thinking and spark their imagination, encouraging them to problem solve. Thinking creatively and being allowed to put their own ideas into reality is so rewarding for children and really boosts their self confidence.

Building a den together is a great informal way of engaging a child in conversation – helping to develop their ability to communicate, listen and take turns in conversation, express themselves and put their thoughts into words.

Let’s Get Started!

You don’t need much to get started – normal household items can make brilliant dens! Here are some suggestions

  1. Build your den -chairs placed a distance apart become sturdy den support, cardboard boxes make great den walls, place broom/mop across the top of your  chairs to make a roof, use string/rope which is great for tying from wall to door and draping sheets over.
  2. Gather as many materials as possible (pillows, cushions, blankets), perfect for sitting and lying on.
  3. Decorate with fairy lights for a cosy glow.
  4. You’ll probably want some snacks and drink to enjoy in your den.
  5. Books and games will give you fun things to do.


 

Building a den can be therapeutic and relaxing; a chance to switch off from everything else. Have fun, be safe and build the den of your dreams!

Emotions are good for us!

Hi everyone, Sami here! Hope everyone is well and safe 🙂

I know everyone is probably feeling very heightened emotions right now, and that’s okay. Some days are great, some days are just fine and some days are harder than others. So I thought it might be fun to talk about these feelings. When the children in nursery are feeling like that I like to do a fun wee emotions activity. It can be as serious or as silly as you want! Let’s face it, the sillier the better! Some of the emotions we may be feeling are happy! Let’s acknowledge those days 🙂 Some days we may be feeling sad, or scared or even angry. We should acknowledge these days too. Let’s all try it? Look in the mirror and see how you are feeling. Maybe we could even make an emotions journal?

Most importantly, be proud of yourselves for getting through every day! I honestly can’t wait until we are all reunited and can be our wee nursery family once again. Until that day comes, look after yourselves and stay safe! Sami 🙂 x