Spelling Resources

In Primary 5 we practise phonics and spelling everyday.  Here are some useful materials we use to guide our lessons in class.

What is a phoneme?

Single phoneme – a single letter is used to create the sound.

Joined phoneme – more than one letter is used to create the sound, e.g. ai, ay

Split phoneme – where the letter e comes at the end of a word and changes the sound of the vowel, e.g. gate, rice


In Primary 5 we are starting Stage 4. Here are the spelling strategies we use to help us.

Diacritical Marking of Spelling

When spelling words, children will continue to use the structure of SAY, MAKE, BREAK, BLEND, READ and WRITE with which they have become familiar during Stages Two & Three. They will also continue to be involved in Partner Spelling. On Day six of the Ten- Day Phonics Programme for Stages Four & Five they will now be introduced to Diacritical Marking of their spelling. Diacritical Marking involves investigating words – recognising and identifying which phonemes are contained within each word. Children are involved in listening carefully, enunciating the words accurately and using the diacritical marking code to identify individual sounds and blends.

Elkonin Boxes

To download a copy of the information pack for parents please click this link:

ALP Parent Information Pack

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